236. Lowest Common Ancestor of a Binary Tree (Medium)

https://leetcode.com/problems/lowest-common-ancestor-of-a-binary-tree/

Given a binary tree, find the lowest common ancestor (LCA) of two given nodes in the tree.

According to the definition of LCA on Wikipedia: “The lowest common ancestor is defined between two nodes p and q as the lowest node in T that has both p and q as descendants (where we allow a node to be a descendant of itself).”

Given the following binary tree:  root = [3,5,1,6,2,0,8,null,null,7,4]

 

Example 1:

Input: root = [3,5,1,6,2,0,8,null,null,7,4], p = 5, q = 1
Output: 3
Explanation: The LCA of nodes 5 and 1 is 3.

Example 2:

Input: root = [3,5,1,6,2,0,8,null,null,7,4], p = 5, q = 4
Output: 5
Explanation: The LCA of nodes 5 and 4 is 5, since a node can be a descendant of itself according to the LCA definition.

 

Note:

  • All of the nodes' values will be unique.
  • p and q are different and both values will exist in the binary tree.

Hints

Solutions

/**
 * Definition for a binary tree node.
 * public class TreeNode {
 *     int val;
 *     TreeNode left;
 *     TreeNode right;
 *     TreeNode(int x) { val = x; }
 * }
 */
class Solution {

    private TreeNode ans;

    public Solution() {
        // Variable to store LCA node.
        this.ans = null;
    }

    private boolean recurseTree(TreeNode currentNode, TreeNode p, TreeNode q) {

        // If reached the end of a branch, return false.
        if (currentNode == null) {
            return false;
        }

        // Left Recursion. If left recursion returns true, set left = 1 else 0
        int left = this.recurseTree(currentNode.left, p, q) ? 1 : 0;

        // Right Recursion
        int right = this.recurseTree(currentNode.right, p, q) ? 1 : 0;

        // If the current node is one of p or q
        int mid = (currentNode == p || currentNode == q) ? 1 : 0;


        // If any two of the flags left, right or mid become True
        if (mid + left + right >= 2) {
            this.ans = currentNode;
        }

        // Return true if any one of the three bool values is True.
        return (mid + left + right > 0);
    }

    public TreeNode lowestCommonAncestor(TreeNode root, TreeNode p, TreeNode q) {
        // Traverse the tree
        this.recurseTree(root, p, q);
        return this.ans;
    }
}
Copyright © iovi.com 2017 all right reserved,powered by GitbookLast Modification: 2019-04-15 18:27:03

results matching ""

    No results matching ""